Arthroscopy is an endoscopic surgical procedure in which a pencil-sized instrument called an arthroscope is inserted into a joint without any open cut or incision. Fluid is then inserted into the joint to allow the surgeon to thoroughly examine the interior of your knee and determine the source of your problem. During the procedure, the surgeon also can insert surgical instruments through other small pin holes in your knee to repair damaged tissues and cartilage or remove loose pieces.
Arthroscopy is one of the most common orthopaedic procedures. During the procedure, which is performed under epidural anaesthesia, with the patient awake, the inside of the joint is examined for damaged tissue. The commonest types of arthroscopic surgery include trimming or repair of a torn meniscus (cartilage), ligament reconstruction, removal of loose debris, and trimming damaged surface cartilage.
Symptoms are swelling, persistent pain, catching, giving-way, buckling and loss of confidence in your knee. Arthroscopies are performed on patients between the ages of 18 and 60.
Arthroscopy is much less traumatic to the muscles, ligaments, and tissues than surgically opening the knee with long incisions. The benefits of arthroscopy are faster healing, quicker recovery and smaller incision. A Orthopaedic Surgeon might use this procedure to diagnose or treat:
- A torn meniscal cartilage
- Loose fragments of bone or cartilage
- Damaged joint surfaces or softening of the articular cartilage known as chondromalacia
- Inflammation of the synovial membrane, such as rheumatoid or gouty arthritis.
- Abnormal alignment or instability of the knee cap
- Torn ligaments including the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments.
It is usually possible to go back to physical activities or sports after around three weeks. The orthopaedic surgeon will provide more advice about this in each individual case.
Dr. Thomas A Chandy - Director & Chief of Orthopaedics who has specialized in knee surgeries, has successfully done more than 5,000 Arthroscopic surgeries, 3,000 ACL Reconstructions and 3000 joint replacements in his 18 years in the U.S. and 13 years at HOSMAT and in addition numerous other orthopaedic operations such Arthroscopic surgeries of Knee and Shoulder and Paediatric Orthopaedics and Trauma. To know more about him, visit him here.
HOSMAT Physiotherapy centre is the renowned physiotherapy, sports medicine and occupational therapy department (7,200 sq.ft), is the one of the largest in India. It works in co-ordination with the rehabilitation and convalescent centre, and provides a major thrust in treating:
- Orthopaedic Injuries
- Sports Injuries
- Arthritic Patients
- Joint Replacement Surgery
- Neuro Rehabilitation
- Neurological disorders
HOSMAT is a specialized hospital for orthopaedics and sports medicine and also one of the select hospitals in India to be recognized by ISO 9001 2000.
HOSMAT Sports Medicine Center conducts a 6-month Fellowship in Sports Medicine. The center has gained recognition and is on the exclusive panel of National Cricket Academy, Karnataka State Cricket Association, Karnataka State Football Association, Karnataka State Hockey Association, Bangalore Turf Club, Karnataka State Golf Association, Karnataka Olympic Association, Sports Authority of India etc... One of the exclusive facilities available at HOSMAT is a unique computerized isokinetic device called CYBEX that measures the strength and power of muscles of a sports person, apart from CYBEX there are many other isokinetic devices for each joint.
HOSMAT is the first and only hospital, since 15 years to have the knee ligament arthrometer KT 1000 to diagnose ligament damage and instability of the knee in the OPD itself